August 3, 2010 at 1:00 am

What you need to know about voting today

Polls: Open from 7 a.m. until 8 p.m. EDT in most of the state, and from 7 a.m. until 8 p.m. CDT in a handful of counties in the western Upper Peninsula.

Voting: Cannot split tickets in the primary; votes must be confined to a single party column for partisan races. Voters will also be asked to decide millage issues and fill judge seats.

Rules: Must show a photo ID of some kind to vote (it doesn't have to be a driver's license). If voters don't have a photo ID with them, they can sign an affidavit and vote anyway.

Turnout: Secretary of State Terri Lynn Land expects voter turnout to be about 23 percent, or about 1.7 million voters.

Races to watch: Five Republicans are running for the GOP nomination: Oakland County Sheriff Mike Bouchard, Attorney General Mike Cox, state Sen. Tom George, U.S. Rep. Pete Hoekstra and Ann Arbor businessman Rick Snyder. On the Democratic side, House Speaker Andy Dillon is battling Lansing Mayor Virg Bernero for the nomination. The primary winners face off in the general election in November. Gov. Jennifer Granholm is term limited out of office after two terms.

  • U.S. Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick faces five opponents in the 13th District congressional primary and could feel the effect of voter dissatisfaction with her son, former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, who is serving time in prison for a parole violation connected to a text-messaging scandal and facing federal charges as well. The primary winner is expected to win in November in the district that includes part of Detroit and a few suburbs.

  • In the strongly Republican area of west Michigan, GOP primaries for the 2nd and 3rd congressional seats could give the nod to the likely November winner. The 1st District also has a full GOP primary, with six candidates in the race.

  • In the Legislature, term limits will bump 29 of the state's 38 senators from their current offices. Thirty-four members of the 110-seat House are term-limited, and several more are giving up fairly certain re-election to run for the Senate or other offices. More than 650 legislative candidates are on the ballot.

    Also on ballots

  • In Macomb County and communities in Oakland and Wayne counties that pay for SMART, voters will decide the fate of a 10-year tax renewal for that public bus service.

  • Oakland County voters will be asked to consider millage renewals for county parks and Oakland Community College, two entities that rely heavily on property taxes to operate.

  • Romulus and Huron and Sumpter townships are asking residents to pay more taxes to maintain levels of police and fire services.

  • Eastpointe, Mount Clemens and Fitzgerald Public Schools are asking voters millage questions, and Warren is seeking a millage to avoid shutting down libraries.

  • Road improvements are proposed in Hartland and Iosco townships, while a first-time parks and recreation tax would develop facilities and expand the Lakelands Trail network in Unadilla Township. Tyrone Township is seeking a police and fire special assessment.

    Sources: Michigan Department of State, AP and Detroit News research.