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New York — The stock market is bouncing back from a tough start to 2015.

Investors sent shares sharply higher for a second straight day Thursday, erasing the market’s heavy losses from the first few days of the year.

The gains were driven by a combination of positive economic news from the U.S. and hopes for stimulus from Europe’s central bank. The price of oil is also showing signs of stabilizing after six months of heavy losses, and there is renewed confidence that the Federal Reserve will keep supporting the economy as growth outside the U.S. appears to be flagging.

The wild swings in stock prices will likely become more common this year as investors try and anticipate when, if at all, the Fed will start to raise interest rates, said JJ Kinahan, chief market strategist at TD Ameritrade.

“People will have to get used to volatility at a higher level,” Kinahan said. It’s going to be “one of the primary stories for 2015.”

The Standard & Poor’s 500 index climbed 36.24 points, or 1.8 percent, to 2,062.14. The index is now up 0.2 percent for the year, after falling 2.7 percent in the first three days of trading.

The Dow Jones industrial average gained 323.35 points, or 1.8 percent, to 17,907.87. The Nasdaq composite gained 85.72 points, or 1.8 percent, to 4,736.19.

Comments from Charles Evans, president of the Fed’s Chicago branch, late Wednesday gave stocks a lift. Evans said that the U.S. central bank shouldn’t rush to raise interest rates, because inflation was likely to remain tame for several years, according to Bloomberg.

The prospect of more stimulus from other central banks is also driving the rebound.

European data Wednesday showed that consumer prices fell in December for the first time since 2009. That increased pressure on the European Central Bank president Mario Draghi to act to support the region’s flagging economy.

Many analysts expect the bank to announce a plan this month to buy European government bonds. Such a move, known as quantitative easing, is designed to hold down long-term interest rates and stimulate borrowing and spending.

“Oddly enough, the market was helped by some of the weaker data out of the eurozone,” said Quincy Krosby, a market strategist at Prudential Financial. “In many ways, the bad news was the good news.”

Investors also got encouraging news on hiring Thursday.

A report showed that fewer Americans applied for unemployment benefits last week. That’s a sign that employers expect the economy to keep growing, prompting them to hold on to workers. The Labor Department said Thursday that applications for unemployment benefits fell 4,000 last week to 294,000.

Economists forecast that a government report Friday will show that U.S. employers added 243,000 jobs last month.

Among individual stocks, Constellation Brands was one of the day’s biggest gainers.

The company, which owns the Corona and Modelo beer brands, said its fiscal third-quarter earnings climbed thanks to increased beer sales. The earnings surpassed the expectations of Wall Street analysts, and the company also raised its full-year profit forecast. The stock gained $4.59, or 4.5 percent, to $107.64.

In energy trading, oil ended the day fractionally higher after fluctuating between small gains and losses for most of the day.

U.S. crude oil gained 14 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $48.79 a barrel. Brent crude, a benchmark for international oils used by many U.S. refineries, fell 19 cents to close at $50.96 in London.

A big fall in the price of oil earlier in the week helped spark a big sell off in the stock market.

The price of the commodity has fallen by more than half since June last year as traders try to price in a glut of supply due to increased production. The sharp drop in prices has also prompted concern that economies outside the U.S. remain weak.

In bond trading, prices fell. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note rose to 2.01 percent from 1.97 percent on Wednesday.

The dollar rose against most major currencies. Against the Japanese yen, the dollar rose to 119.63 from 119.65. It rose to its highest in nine years against the euro, trading at $1.1790.

In metals trading, gold edged down $2.20 to $1,208.50 an ounce, silver fell 16 cents to $16.39 an ounce and copper rose a penny to $2.77 a pound.

In other futures trading on the NYMEX:

— Wholesale gasoline rose 0.3 cent to close at $1.341 a gallon.

— Heating oil rose 1.1 cents to close at $1.711 a gallon.

— Natural gas rose 5.6 cents to close at $2.927 per 1,000 cubic feet.

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