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How many iPhones can Apple Inc. sell?

That’s a question facing Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook as the latest batch of handsets began landing in stores worldwide on Friday. The company has hit sales records with each annual release. Yet the newest models, following a hugely popular design overhaul last year, may not match the success of previous releases, according to analysts.

From Sydney to San Francisco, some of the Apple faithful waited in lines for more than two weeks to be among the first to receive the new iPhone 6s and 6s Plus. Cook greeted shoppers at the company’s store in Washington.

Before the new iPhones went on sale, demand appeared lower than last year, “possibly meaningfully so,” said Andy Hargreaves, an analyst at Pacific Crest Securities who studied Google search data, shipment times and third-party surveys.

Analysts at Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. and RBC Capital Markets also raised concerns about iPhone growth. It’s a good problem to have. Since 2013, iPhone sales have increased an average of about 35 percent each quarter. In October to December last year, Apple sold 74.6 million iPhones — about 34,000 per hour.

Expectations are tempered partly because the gadget is at the point in its two-year design cycle that entails less dramatic changes. In the first year, Apple generally overhauls the device’s hardware, including its look and feel. For the following year’s model, designated with an “s” tacked on to the number, the Cupertino, California-based company makes more subtle improvements.

The iPhone 6s and 6s Plus resemble last year’s versions but sport new features such as 3D Touch, which provides a shortcut for checking mail, taking pictures and other functions when the user presses down on the screen. Apple also added an improved camera and zippier processor.

The new models reached stores Friday in New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Singapore, China, Hong Kong,France, Germany, the U.K., Canada, the U.S. and Puerto Rico. They will go on sale in more than 130 countries by year end, according to Apple.

At New York’s flagship store on Fifth Avenue, Jaime Gonzalez took two weeks off from work to wait in line for 16 days.

“I never had an iPhone before,” said the 38-year-old truck driver from Corona, Queens. “I see all my friends playing with their iPhones and new devices, and I said, ‘You know what, maybe it’s time for me to upgrade,’ ” said Gonzalez, who has been using an HTC handset.

Customers around Asia lined up to be among the first to get their hands on the device. Stores in China — Apple’s largest market outside the U.S. — drew faithful buyers like Wu Kai, who picked up two phones from a packed Apple outlet at Beijing’s Xidan Joycity mall.

“Apple products are becoming family members,” the 17-year-old student said, explaining how he and his parents rely on every Apple product from the Mac Pro to the iPad. “It’s just good product that’s shaping our everyday life.”

Cook has said he expects the world’s second-largest economy to eventually become Apple’s largest market. Greater China accounted for 27 percent of revenue in the June quarter, more than all of Europe, and remains a swing factor for the company’s iPhone-reliant earnings.

A smooth release is critical for Apple, which generates more than 60 percent of its revenue from the phone. Cook is attempting to expand other businesses, but the portion of sales coming from the iPhone continues to grow. The Apple Watch hasn’t become a mainstream success and iPad sales are in decline.

Apple last week predicted it would top last year’s opening-weekend sales record of 10 million units, although that figure is boosted by availability this year in China, which wasn’t part of the initial rollout last year. A better gauge for how the device is selling will come in January, when the company reports sales for the holiday quarter.

Pricing options in the U.S. vary more than for earlier releases. The two new iPhones start at $199 and $299 with a two- year carrier contract. Apple also introduced a program for paying in installments of at least $37 a month, similar to plans offered by wireless companies including AT&T Inc. and Verizon Communications Inc.

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