Milwaukee — Erik McKenna does not gripe when he’s working at an unheated construction site in the dead of winter, or if it’s too hot in the summer.
He has experienced worse. Much worse.
The fourth-year sheet metal apprentice served two tours in Afghanistan in the 173rd Airborne, earning an Army Commendation Medal for Valor when he helped rescue a wounded comrade during a firefight.
The military “helped me prepare for environmental and job stresses. Some days the cookie doesn’t crumble the way you want it to,” said McKenna, 26. “The military definitely helped me learn how to pick the pieces up and move on.”
As baby boomers retire and the number of construction projects continues to grow following the 2008-09 recession, trade unions are trying to attract more people to apprenticeships, including sheet metal workers. The unions are looking for folks with a strong work ethic, who show up on time, don’t mind the physical demands of the job and have good reading and math skills.
They’re looking for military veterans.
“Those guys come to work with their boots tied, ready to go. They’re not afraid to get their hands dirty, whether it’s hot or cold outside,” said Josh Frehner, training coordinator for the Milwaukee Area Sheet Metal Training Center. “I don’t want to say that’s unusual, but sometimes with the newer apprentices, they’re not sure of what they’re getting into.”
The training center, operated by the Milwaukee Local 18 Sheet Metal Workers union, has 124 people in the five-year apprenticeship program, including several military veterans.
Sheet metal is one of 15 building trade apprenticeships in which the nonprofit program Helmets to Hardhats helps place veterans seeking careers in the construction industry. Through outreach at veterans career events and job fairs, Helmets to Hardhats connects veterans with unions taking applications for apprenticeship openings or building contractors seeking workers. Currently 1,500 veterans across the United States are creating profiles on the Helmets to Hardhats website each month and uploading their resumes.
“We have 250,000 veterans a year getting out of the military,” said Bill Mulcrone, Midwest regional director for Helmets to Hardhats. “Some are already in construction in the military, maybe they’re (Navy) Seabees or combat engineers, so they’re already trained.”
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were 141,000 sheet metal jobs in the U.S. in 2014. The job outlook is promising — an expected 7 percent increase in the next decade, with roughly 10,000 more sheet metal positions to be created. Median pay is about $45,070.
Once accepted into an apprenticeship, they go through classroom and on-the-job training under journeymen who have worked in the field for years. They’re paid while attending classes and while they’re on the job, earning $15-$20 per hour. Some apprentice programs require people to pay for some classes, but veterans can use G.I. Bill funds to pay for tuition.
“They served our country, and now this is their ticket to the working middle class and they can earn a paycheck while they learn a skilled trade,” Mulcrone said.
At Milwaukee’s sheet metal training center, a spring class was recently added to keep up with the expected demand for apprentices, said Frehner, because of large building projects.
“I think the next couple of years will be pretty crazy,” Frehner said. “The work in Milwaukee could be the best it has been in the last 10 years.”
Prospective sheet metal apprentices can either come through Helmets to Hardhats or by filling out an application at Local 18 and taking a test at Milwaukee Area Technical College in reading, arithmetic and basic algebra. Once they pass, they’re given a list of contractors seeking apprentices. For the first 21/2 years, apprentices go to school one day and work on job sites four days each week while also taking two night school courses. Out-of-pocket costs are minimal, which means they are not burdened with student loan debt, said Frehner.
Shannon Buhler, 24, is a combat medic in the Wisconsin Army National Guard who applied for a sheet metal apprenticeship on the advice of an uncle, a union painter. She did not know sheet metal workers are needed in heating, ventilation and air conditioning work, in welding and industrial jobs, in air flow installation in commercial buildings and computer-aided 3-D drawing, as well as in construction and remodeling jobs.
Once she looked into it, Buhler discovered sheet metal jobs pay pretty well. Now a second-year apprentice, Buhler has worked on construction of a new hospital transplant center, handling duct work installation and other tasks.
Though her military and civilian jobs are dissimilar, Buhler said her four years in the National Guard’s 135th Medical Co. have given her valuable training that’s paying dividends.
“The military helps you with discipline, it helps you to follow orders correctly. A lot of traits that the military gives you can help in the real world,” said Buhler.