Consumers ramp up May spending; largest gain since 2009
Washington — U.S. consumer spending surged in May with the biggest monthly increase in nearly six years — a sign of stronger economic growth ahead.
The Commerce Department said Thursday that consumer spending rose 0.9 percent last month, up from a revised 0.1 percent increase in April. May spending registered the biggest gain since August 2009, an indication that the positive impacts from the solid pace of hiring and cheaper gasoline are starting to ripple through the economy.
“We are finally seeing signs of consumers beginning to spend the gasoline savings they have been sitting on since the start of this year,” said Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics.
Personal income also increased a healthy 0.5 percent. The savings rate for after-tax income fell slightly to 5.1 percent from 5.4 percent.
Until recently, lower gas prices and an improved job market were not enough to unlock greater consumer spending. Instead, Americans ramped up their savings. This helped put their personal finances on a more sustainable path, but it limited the ability of the overall economy — which relies mostly on consumer activity — to grow at a faster pace and potentially boost their incomes.
The consumer spending report confirms signs elsewhere that people are loosening the grip on their wallets.
Retail sales climbed 1.2 percent between May and April, led by auto dealers, clothiers and building materials stores, the Commerce Department reported earlier this month.
Spending at retailers is up 2.7 percent over the past 12 months. This includes annual gains of 8.2 percent in both the auto and restaurant categories.
All of that could lead to more hiring, a tighter supply of job applicants and larger pay hikes, economists say.
The greater spending on building materials also corresponds with a surge in home-buying.
Sales of existing homes in May jumped 5.1 percent to an annual pace of 5.35 million, the National Association of Realtors said Monday. The real estate market is on pace for its strongest year since 2007, the last full year before the recession.
Purchases of new homes have also jumped, registering a 24 percent increase year-to-date, according to the government.
Many economists believe it was the severe winter weather that froze consumer spending earlier this year, before a bounce back this spring. The overall economy shrank in the first three months of the year at an annual rate of 0.2 percent. But some analysts say revitalized consumer spending should lift growth back to a respectable annual rate of 2.5 percent or better in the April-June quarter.
Consumer spending may be aided by two major factors.
Americans are saving money at the pump. Gasoline costs have stabilized in recent weeks. At a national average of $2.78 a gallon, they remain about 90 cents below their average a year ago, according to the AAA’s Daily Fuel Gauge Report.
Also, the economy has added 3.1 million jobs over the past year and the unemployment rate has fallen to 5.5 percent from 6.3 percent. The influx of paychecks generally leads to additional spending by the newly employed.