Wall Street closing higher on economic revival hopes

Stan Choe and Damian J. Troise and Alex Veiga
The Associated Press

Stock indexes are closing broadly higher on Wall Street Wednesday, as hopes for a coming economic revival turn the market’s leaderboard upside down.

Banks and retailers are posting strong gains on hopes that life can inch back toward normal as governments relax stay-at-home orders. They’d plummeted to some of the worst losses earlier this year when worries about the recession were peaking.

Losses for big tech stocks and other, earlier winners of the stay-at-home economy were holding the gains in check Wednesday. They’re also some of the most valuable companies in the stock market, which gives their movements outsized sway.

The S&P 500 index was up 0.9% after drifting between a gain of 1% and a drop of 0.7%. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was up 356 points, or 1.4%, to 25,351. The Nasdaq composite, which is full of technology stocks, recovered from an early slide. It was up 0.3%. Small company stocks were doing better than the rest of the market, which sent the Russell 2000 index 2.6% higher.

The latest gains had the market on track for a three-day winning streak.

“Today is a little bit of a follow-through from yesterday,” said Bill Northey, senior investment director at U.S. Bank Wealth Management. “This is optimism about the reopening of the U.S. economy and, really, the global economy.”

The movements followed up on strong gains in Europe, where authorities proposed a 750 billion euro ($825 billion) recovery fund to help carry the region through the recession caused by the response to the coronavirus pandemic. Asian stocks were mixed, as tensions between the United States and China over the independence of Hong Kong weighed on markets there.

The S&P 500 is back to where it was in early March, in the early days of its sell-off on worries about the coming steep recession. It’s now down only about 10% from its high in February, recovering from a nearly 34% drop in March.

Massive amounts of stimulus for the economy from the Federal Reserve and Capitol Hill helped start the rally in late March. The gains have accelerated more recently on hopes that economic growth can return later this year as governments ease up on business-shutdown orders meant to slow the spread of the coronavirus. In recent weeks, stocks whose profits are most closely tied to the strength of the economy have been showing more life.

Hopes for potential COVID-19 vaccines under development have also helped propel stocks.

“There’s still so much stimulus, and with consumers being in better shape, we will get through this sooner than most expect,” said Andrew Smith, chief investment strategist at Delos Capital Advisors.

Nordstrom jumped 15.3% for one of the strongest gains in the S&P 500, as retailers helped lead the way on hopes that reopening economies will mean more people heading back to stores. Gap vaulted 14.9% and Kohl’s climbed 15.6%.

Banks were also stronger on hopes that business reopenings could limit the wave of loan defaults that investors had been worrying about. Financial stocks in the S&P 500 rose 3.5% for the largest gain among the 11 sectors that make up the index.

JPMorgan Chase rose 5%, Bank of America gained 6.5% and Citigroup jumped 7.3%.

But losses for big tech tempered the market’s advance. They had been stalwarts earlier when the market was selling off, bolstered by the belief that they can continue to make profits even if everyone remains hunkered at home.

Microsoft slipped 0.5%, Amazon lost 0.5% and Nvidia dropped 2.4%. All three, though, remain up at least 14% for the year so far.

In Europe, Germany’s DAX returned 1.3% and France’s CAC 40 rose 1.8% after the announcement of the region’s recovery fund. The president of the European Commission called it “an ambitious answer,” though it still needs to be endorsed by every country in the European Union. About two thirds of the fund would take the form of grants, while the rest would be loans.

In Asia, Japan’s Nikkei 225 rose 0.7%, but other markets were weaker. The Hang Seng in Hong Kong slipped 0.4%, and stocks in Shanghai lost 0.3%. U.S. officials have been critical of China’s response to the coronavirus outbreak, and the latest front in increased tensions between the two centers on China’s control over Hong Kong.

In the bond market, the yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 0.68% from 0.69% late Tuesday.

U.S. crude oil for delivery in July fell 4.7% to $32.73 per barrel. Brent crude, the international standard, lost 0.1% to $35.40 per barrel.