Adrian honors 100 Italians who died in 1901 catastrophe
The 1901 train wreck near Adrian was so horrendous it made the front page of the New York Times.
“Train Wreck and Fire Kill 100 in Michigan,” read the headline above the fold. The men killed in the head-on collision between two trains at 6:45 the night before Thanksgiving were all Italian immigrants, riding the Wabash Railroad from New York City to mining jobs in Colorado and California.
“After the fire,” says Detroit artist Sergio De Giusti, who’s sculpted a memorial to the victims that will be unveiled in September, “there was so little left that they buried them all in five coffins.” The Wabash Railroad, he adds, always downplayed the number, insisting far fewer than 100 died, despite testimony from the train conductor.
These forgotten men may have perished 115 years ago, but their story — and the fact that they were buried in unmarked graves — moved Adrian residents, local Italian-Americans and the Italian Consul in Detroit to try to raise $12,000 to cast De Giusti’s bas-relief sculpture in permanent resin. No city funds will be used.
There will be a fundraiser open to the public Friday at the Italian-American Cultural Society in Clinton Township, and there’s an ongoing crowd-sourcing campaign on Patronicity.com. Assuming sponsors meet their target, the sculpture will be unveiled Sept. 24 in a memorial ceremony at Oakwood Cemetery, where the side-by-side graves are located.
According to historic accounts, the rail car carrying the Italians virtually exploded on collision.
“They were all in an old wood-frame car,” says Adrian Mayor Jim Berryman, who helped spearhead the research project.
“Articles at the time said they were packed in like cattle. Lighting was kerosene lamps, and the insulation was sawdust. If they weren’t killed in the crash,” he adds, “they were cremated.”
What body parts could be found were buried in Oakwood Cemetery, but in recent years nobody knew exactly where. So Berryman recruited cemetery Superintendent Denny Vescelius, who’s Italian-American himself, and he spent three months poring through ancient logbooks until he found what he was looking for.
In a 1901 register, right between numbered graves for “Campbell, Jeremiah” and “Plank, Edna” was the listing, “Victims of R.R. Accid.”
“I’ll never forget the day I got the call, ‘We found them!’ ” says Kyle Griffith, assistant superintendent for the Lenawee Intermediate School District who’s been interested in the mystery for decades and first suggested to Berryman that the town should right the historic injustice on the disaster’s 115th anniversary.
When he heard the good news, Griffith adds, “It was like the old cliche — the hair on my arms stood up.”
For his part, De Giusti says he’d never heard of the catastrophe until the Italian Consulate in Detroit called him to discuss a memorial. Neither had Domenico Ruggirello, president of the local chapter of the Committees of Italians Abroad.
“We were shocked when we heard about it,” says Ruggirello, who’s from Sicily. He adds that given the date, the men were probably from northern Italy, where mining companies did a lot of recruiting early in the last century.
What scandalizes Ruggirello as much as anything is that railroad officials didn’t let a Roman Catholic priest from Detroit bless the remains the day after the accident.
“A priest from San Francesco Church went to give the last rites,” he says, “and they wouldn’t let him. They chased him away. Maybe,” he suggests, “they didn’t want the reputation of the railroad hurt.”
Italian Consul Maria Luisa Lapresa says no one on her staff knew about the catastrophe either.
“It was very sad for me to hear of it,” she says. “I thought of the difficulty our immigrants faced in those years, and then these poor men tragically meet with death.”
Lapresa is touched both by Adrian’s recent steps to honor the lost men, and valiant efforts 115 years ago by locals who tried to pull people from the inferno.
“The response of the people of Adrian is something the Italian community is very thankful for,” she adds.
De Giusti’s relief features the head of a Roman goddess, her closed eyes covered with a scarf. Laurel leaves, symbols of glory and immortality, run up one side of the sculpture, while a railroad track frames the noble head on the other.
When the relief is cast, it will be erected in the middle of four side-by-side plots where the five caskets were buried, along with a marker explaining the history.
For Berryman, the memorial represents more than just doing the right thing. His grandfather immigrated from Great Britain at about the same time to work the copper mines in the Upper Peninsula, and, just like the Italians, took a train from New York to Michigan.
“This very well could have been my own grandfather,” Berryman says.
‘Wreck of the
6:30 p.m. Friday
Italian-American Cultural Society, 43843 Romeo Plank, Clinton Township
Speaker: Laurie Perkins, author of “The Wreck on the Wabash”
$25 per person
To reserve tickets: (586) 991-0193
To donate online
Visit patronicity.com, and search for “Italian/American Train Wreck Memorial”