Dr. Roach: What can cause large red blood cells?
Dear Dr. Roach: In a recent article, you spoke of small red blood cells. I have large ones. My MCV is 102, with no anemia. What causes this besides alcohol, and is it something to be concerned about? I do not abuse alcohol. Thank you.
Dear C.P.: MCV, the mean corpuscular volume, is a measurement of the size of red blood cells (the units are femtoliters, a very small unit). An MCV of 102 is slightly large, and can be seen in many conditions. Vitamin B-12 and folic acid deficiencies are the ones we usually first look for, but some medications can cause it, as can alcohol, as you mention. Some genetic conditions, like hereditary spherocytosis, can do it. Even low thyroid levels sometimes can cause large red blood cells and a high MCV.
People with high turnover of red blood cells, such as those with a mechanical heart valve, have excess numbers of immature red blood cells, called reticulocytes. These fool the machine into reporting a high MCV.
Your doctor already might have done an evaluation to check if there are any problems that might have led to your high MCV. If not, he or she can do so, or can ask a hematologist to see you. Sometimes a look at the blood smear can answer the question.
Dear Dr. Roach: I would like to know your opinion about whether it is OK to crush up different psychiatric medications and put them in a small container of water to drink. This doesn’t seem very safe to me, but I’d like an expert opinion.
Dear Anon.: I’ll give you my answer, and also tell you where to find an expert opinion. My answer is that many people have trouble swallowing pills, and that most pills can be crushed and taken with water or mixed in with food. Your local pharmacy sells pill crushers, or you can get a mortar and pestle.
While you are at the pharmacy, ask your pharmacist. He or she can look at your medications and tell you whether it is safe for you to crush your particular medications. Slow-release medications, of which there are many, should not be crushed. Often, the bottle will tell you, but ask your pharmacist for the expert opinion.
Dear Dr. Roach: I am a 48-year-old woman in pretty good health. I was a smoker for 30-plus years and quit about three years ago. I don’t have any signs of COPD or other lung ailments yet, but I fear they are just around the corner. My question is, Is there anything I can do now to postpone or prevent the onset of these diseases, or at least decrease their severity?
Dear V.M.: Not all smokers will develop COPD. Some smokers are more susceptible than others to the effects of the many toxic chemicals in tobacco smoke. Conversely, some nonsmokers can develop COPD, especially those who lack a protective enzyme, alpha-1 antitrypsin; this is more likely in those exposed to secondhand smoke or other airborne pollutants.
Quitting smoking is by far the most important action you can take to reduce your risk of developing lung disease, but there may be others. Avoid other airborne pollutants, especially other smokers, but also dusts and fumes.
Some preliminary evidence suggests that statin drugs might slow down COPD, but there are conflicting studies, and I don’t recommend them just for COPD. Regular exercise may help, and it certainly helps your heart and many other systems.
Email questions to ToYourGoodHealth@med.cornell.edu.