Gov. Whitmer closing high schools, colleges, in-person dining, casinos, movie theaters
Lansing — Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer announced wide-ranging new restrictions limiting gatherings at high schools, colleges and restaurants Sunday night to combat what she described as the "worst moment" yet in the COVID-19 pandemic.
The new policies will temporarily halt in-person instruction at high schools and colleges, indoor dine-in service at restaurants and bars, and high school athletics as well as close some businesses, including movie theaters, bowling alleys and casinos.
The restrictions, imposed through a Michigan Department of Health and Human Services order, will take effect Wednesday and be in place until they end on Dec. 8. Under the order, indoor residential gatherings will be limited to two households at any one time.
"The situation has never been more dire," Whitmer said Sunday. "We are at the precipice, and we need to take some action."
The state's public health code allows the Michigan health department to "prohibit the gathering of people for any purpose" and to "establish procedures" to ensure the "continuation of essential public health services and enforcement of health laws."
The governor announced the new order at a Sunday night press conference — a rare weekend briefing that came five days after Whitmer told reporters she was exploring the “next steps” her administration would take against COVID-19 as the virus surges here.
Under the new policies, child care centers, hair salons, retail shops and preschool through eighth-grade schools will still be allowed to be open. Playing in parks and outdoor recreation will continue to be allowed, and gatherings of up to 25 people can take place at funerals. Restaurants can offer take-out and outdoor dining, while gyms and pools can be open for individual exercise.
Michigan shattered its weekly coronavirus case record last week with a total of 44,019 new cases reported, the fifth consecutive record week for confirmed infections. About 3,220 adults were hospitalized statewide with COVID-19 on Friday, compared with 999 COVID inpatients a month earlier on Oct. 13, according to state data.
"The dramatic rise in admissions at hospitals across Michigan is not sustainable," said Wright Lassiter III, president and CEO of the Detroit-based Henry Ford Health System. "We strongly urge everyone to honor these restrictions and continue safety measures like wearing masks, avoiding gatherings, and practicing social distancing and hand hygiene."
The state reported 416 new deaths linked to the virus last week, which was the largest weekly total since early May.
Whitmer's press conference came 11 days before Thanksgiving. She asked people to "make the difficult but right choice" and avoid large gatherings during the holiday.
“If you are considering spending Thanksgiving with people outside of your household, I urge you to reconsider,” Whitmer said.
About family members, she added, “As hard as it is not seeing them this Thanksgiving, imagine how much harder it would be if you weren’t able to see them for a future holiday ever again.”
Republican lawmakers push back
Michigan reported its first cases of the coronavirus on March 10. The virus initially peaked here in April before a second surge hit in recent weeks.
On Oct. 2, the Michigan Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that a state law allowing the governor to declare emergencies and keep them in place without legislative input — the 1945 Emergency Powers of the Governor Act — was unconstitutional.
The emergency declarations were previously what allowed the governor to issue executive orders to unilaterally fight the virus. Since the high court's ruling, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services has used epidemic orders from its director, Robert Gordon, to take actions like requiring masks be worn in public places and limiting gathering sizes.
On Oct. 29, Gordon issued orders limiting non-residential indoor gatherings without fixed seating to 50 people — the limit was 500 — and restricting individual table sizes at restaurants to six people.
Michigan Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey, R-Clarklake, said Whitmer did not include advice from lawmakers in her new restrictions.
"We are disappointed that Gov. Whitmer chose to go it alone, again," Shirkey said Sunday. "The Senate Republicans will continue working with our doctors and the medical community on ways we can combat this virus and are ready to work with the governor when she decides to work as a team to fight this virus."
In the GOP-controlled House, Republicans "stand ready to act in a bipartisan way when the governor decides it is worth her time," Speaker Lee Chatfield, R-Levering, said Sunday. "Until then, we are still reviewing the details of this order like everyone else.”
Dr. Scott Atlas, an adviser on President Donald Trump's White House Coronavirus Task Force, blasted the new order in Michigan on social media Sunday night.
"The only way this stops is if people rise up. You get what you accept," Atlas tweeted.
Atlas later tweeted: "I NEVER was talking at all about violence. People vote, people peacefully protest. NEVER would I endorse or incite violence. NEVER!!"
But Democratic leaders and some medical experts on Sunday praised the new restrictions.
“We are at a true tipping point where we can either choose to surrender to the virus or we can make difficult, but temporary, changes to our lifestyles to prevent spread," said Senate Minority Jim Ananich, D-Flint, who has tested positive for the virus.
Oakland County Executive David Coulter noted "the measures announced by Gov. Whitmer today are difficult but vital to slow the spread of COVID-19 in our community."
"The surge of confirmed cases and hospitalizations is unsustainable and requires deliberate action now in order to protect our residents as well as health care workers and first responders who risk their lives to keep us safe," he said in a statement. "We flattened the curve in April, and we can do it again by working together and targeting activities that have fueled the rise in cases.”
Whitmer's policies will be "helpful" for other states facing spikes in COVID-19 cases, said Dr. Ashish Jha, dean of the Brown University School of Public Health.
"It will enable other states to follow," Jha tweeted. "And I suspect as many as a dozen will this week."
The new actions were necessary to save lives, said Jamie Brown, a critical care nurse who is president of the Michigan Nurses Association.
"Our state is in an out-of-control crisis because too many people are not taking COVID seriously and are failing to act responsibly," Brown said. "Nurses and frontline health workers are at a breaking point all across the state as the spread of COVID accelerates and people, including nurses, continue to die."
No spectators for college, pro sports
Gordon said indoor gatherings are the greatest source of COVID-19 spread currently and "sharply limiting them is our focus." Michigan has experienced fewer outbreaks associated with elementary and middle schools, and younger children are most in need of in-person instruction, according to state officials.
In a Sunday statement, officials from the Michigan Community College Association, Michigan Association of State Universities and Michigan Independent Colleges and Universities said they supported the new limitations.
"Many of our member colleges are in communities that are struggling with hospital capacity due to the recent resurgence of the pandemic,” said Mike Hansen, president of the MCCA. “We are ready to do our part to help curb the spread of COVID-19.”
While high school and other organized sports are suspended under the new order, professional and college sports meeting "extraordinary standards for risk mitigation" may continue without spectators, according to the state Department of Health and Human Services.
“At the University of Michigan, we will carefully examine the details of the order to make sure we are in compliance starting Wednesday," UM spokesman Rick Fitzgerald said.
Michigan State University said it would continue to work with state leaders on how "best to protect our campus and greater community during the pandemic."
“MSU was already transitioning to remote-only after the Thanksgiving break ... and we'll be encouraging students this week to not return to East Lansing after the Thanksgiving break and reduce the amount of travel happening within our state in the coming weeks,” said spokeswoman Emily Guerrant.
Eastern Michigan University said academic courses "will continue to be delivered as scheduled on Monday, November 16, and Tuesday, November 17, then move to remote learning.
"Although most course sections have been delivered in an online/hybrid format for the current semester, the small number of course sections that are delivered in-person will move to a fully remote format beginning Wednesday, November 18, through Tuesday, December 8," said Geoffrey Larcom, executive director of EMU media relations.
Restaurant group 'profoundly disappointed'
Similarly, indoor dining at restaurants is inherently more dangerous with COVID-19 so present across the state, Whitmer contended.
But Justin Winslow, CEO and president of the Michigan Restaurant & Lodging Association, said his organization was "profoundly disappointed" by the new order.
"While this decision will absolutely lead to a catastrophic economic fallout, the human toll on restaurant owners and their employees will be dramatically worse than what Director Gordon is attempting to mitigate through this order based upon the department’s own transmission data," Winslow said.
Whitmer's initial stay-at-home order took effect on March 24, 236 days ago. She began easing that policy in early June by loosening restrictions on the operations of businesses and workplaces and allowing larger outdoor gatherings.
Whitmer said the new restrictions were necessary to try to get the virus under control.
"It's going to be a tough winter," she said.
Staff Writers Sarah Rahal and Jasmin Barmore contributed.