Documents show Lech Walesa collaborated with regime
Warsaw, Poland — Recently seized documents show that Poland’s former president and Solidarity founder Lech Walesa was a paid informant for the communist-era secret security service from 1970-76, the head of Poland’s history institute said Thursday.
Walesa, the icon of Poland’s successful struggle to topple communism and the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, has previously acknowledged signing a commitment to be an informant, but has insisted he never acted on it. In 2000 he was cleared by a special court, which said it found no evidence of collaboration.
The head of the state National Remembrance Institute, Lukasz Kaminski, said that documents seized this week from the home of the last communist interior minister, the late Gen. Czeslaw Kiszczak, include a commitment to provide information that is signed with Walesa’s name and codename, “Bolek.” There are also pages of reports and receipts for money, signed “Bolek.”
Walesa, 72, in a written message from Venezuela where he is traveling, suggested the papers are fake.
“There can exist no documents coming from me. I will prove that in court,” he said.
The 279 pages of documents seem to be authentic and will be made public in due course, Kaminski told a news conference. He said historians need time to analyze the content of the documents.
Antoni Dudek, the institute’s leading historian who has studied Walesa, said the impact would not be that great unless some evidence emerged that Walesa continued to be an informant after he had founded the Solidarity freedom movement.
“Lech Walesa is the symbol of Poland’s struggle for freedom, he is the symbol of Solidarity and nothing can destroy that, unless we learn that he continued that collaboration,” Dudek said.
It is of great interest what other documents will be found among the seized files, he said.
According to Kaminski, five more packets of seized documents have not yet been opened. Prosecutors and police were also searching Kiszczak’s summer house.
Communism and Moscow’s control were imposed on Poland and other countries in the region after World War II and were despised and opposed by most people. Secret security was the regime’s harsh tool for keeping the people under control, using personal information to blackmail and discredit opponents and dissidents.
The secret service also used to fabricate information on people, a fact that calls for meticulous confirmation of the authenticity of any compromising documents that emerge. The fate of the files was a major concern after the communists lost power in 1989, with reports saying that they were fabricating new documents and burning or hiding others.
The papers concerning Walesa came to light on Tuesday, when Kiszczak’s widow offered to sell the institute documents concerning secret informer “Bolek.” She demanded 90,000 zlotys ($23,000; 20,000 euros).
Prosecutors seized the documents the same day, because the law requires important historic papers to be handed in.
Walesa was the icon of Poland’s and Eastern Europe’s drive for freedom that abolished communism and brought down the Iron Curtain in 1989, without bloodshed. He founded and led Solidarity from 1980, when it was born out of worker protests, and through communist-imposed martial law. He led Solidarity in round-table negotiations with the communists in 1989 that ushered in democratic and economic change.
He was Poland’s first popularly elected president from 1990 to 1995, but following a term of office where his style was perceived as authoritarian, he painfully lost a re-election bid to ex-communist Aleksander Kwasniewski.