Red Cross: COVID-19 crisis needs huge economic recovery plan
United Nations — The head of the world’s largest humanitarian network urged governments Friday to start thinking about tackling the economic damage from the coronavirus with something like the Marshall Plan used by the United States to help countries recover after World War II.
Francesco Rocca, president of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which operates in 192 countries, warned of the risk of social unrest, hunger and starvation as a result of the pandemic.
“We need to plan together with institutions a social response before it is too late,” he said.
Rocca said during a video news conference that the lack of any source of income for millions of people because of lockdowns is “a huge concern for us, both in Western countries as well as in the countries in fragile and protracted crisis.”
Without a major economic recovery program, he said, people will abandon their communities if “their only option is hunger and starvation,” which will increase migration.
Rocca, who also heads Italy’s Red Cross, said this “should give a wake up a call to the international community.”
The Marshall Plan was an American initiative approved in 1948 to help Western Europe recover after the defeat of Nazi Germany. The U.S. transferred $12 billion to West European countries to spur their economic recovery, which according to one estimate would be equivalent to over $128 billion in 2020.
Rocca said he thinks a similar economic initiative “is an imperative on which the governments should start to think.”
He cited a number of problems as the world deals with COVID-19: people not respecting lockdowns including those needing to find food; loss of income for those put out of work; a lack of safe water, adequate sanitation and reliable energy for homes; and insufficient means to communicate and obtain information.
Rocca also cited the challenges of getting medical supplies and equipment to countries in need, and sanctions creating additional barriers to the flow of humanitarian aid.
He said every decision political leaders make must be “an informed decision” taken after consulting with scientists, and they should strike “the balance of the economy and the human rights, to protect the health and life of the communities.”
Calling for global unity, Rocca said Red Cross and Red Crescent teams are supporting the most vulnerable communities affected by the crisis.
Citing Syria, he said Red Crescent volunteers in protective gear are distributing food door-to-door and operating ambulances around the clock. Before COVID-19, he said, more than 6 million Syrians were at risk of food insecurity, “and now, due to the economic crisis, the number could raise to between 9 to 10 million.”
In Bangladesh, where more than 1 million Rohingya Muslim refugees from Myanmar have swelled the population, Rocca said volunteer teams have set up water distribution points and are going home-to-home to teach more than 372,000 people hand-washing skills. In Venezuela, teams have worked to provide more than 40 tons of humanitarian aid, including medical supplies and hygiene items, to those most in need, he said.
Rocca warned that in 43 out of 55 African countries, there are just 5,000 intensive care beds, which means five beds for every million people, compared to Europe where there are 4,000 beds for every million people.
“We are only starting to see glimpses of the impact COVID-19 might have on the African continent,” he said.